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History

Print Updated: 2019-06-12

Sanya, formerly known as Yazhou, has a long history. The site of the Sanya People of 10,000 years ago discovered in the Luobi Cave in October 1992 and November 1993 is the earliest known human settlement site in Hainan Island, and the southernmost Paleolithic cultural site in China, which advances Hainan's human history by two to three thousand years. As early as 110 BC, Sanya was included in theChinese territory. Although Sanya is an island far away from the capital (thus coming the name of“Haijiaotianya” which means the end of the earth), it has maintained contacts] with the Central Plains in terms of politics, economy and culture for the past 1,400 years. It used to be the fiefdom of the Queen of Qiao in the Sui Dynasty(581-618), the place where Jianzhen (a monk in the Tang Dynasty(618-907)) landed and preached, and the residence of seven prime ministers and officials in the Tang and Song dynasties.

Those people promoted the development of local education and left many long-standing humanistic relics, forming the basis of the splendid history and culture of Sanya. According to historical studies, during the Song, Yuan and Ming dynasties, Sanya’s economy was initially developed, and its cotton spinning industry led the country, as confirmed by the story of Huang Daopowho learned textile technology from local Li women. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1911), one of the three most famous scholars in Sanya, Zhong Fanggained reputation. Sanya has rich and widely distributed intangible cultural heritages, including the Li Nationality Firewood Collecting Dance and the Yacheng Folk Song which were selected as national intangible cultural heritages in 2006, the Li Nationality Original Ceramics and six other items which were selected as provincial intangible cultural heritages in 2007 and 2009, and 11 items such as Drill Wood to Make Fire which were namedas municipal intangible cultural heritages.

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